- Type of theory which suggests that one group of people (e.g. men) use language to bully or exert power over another group (e.g. women).5. Theorist who, together with Zimmerman, found that men interrupt more than women in mixed gender conversation. (This is an example of 1. across theory).
9. One of the primary verbs.
10. A verb which means “to be physically sick”.
11. Adjective meaning “typical of people with the star sign Aries”.
12. Lakoff found that women used more precise terms for this than men did!
14. A common noun meaning “a thin kind of soup” (often premodified with the adjective “Scotch”).
17. A verb meaning “to possess”. Also, in colloquial language, a verb meaning “to dominate, beat in a competition or show superiority over”.
18. A determiner.
21. A proper noun. The first name of the actor who plays Mrs Hudson in Sherlock.
22. The first person singular present tense form of the verb “to be”.
23. Abstract noun with connotations of “spiritual cleanliness”, “innocence” or “virginity”.
25. In phonology, omitting a phoneme, (e.g. “don’t”, “can’t”)
26. The third person singular masculine subject personal pronoun.
27. The affirmative particle.
28. A verb meaning “to put oneself in a seated position”. In its imperative form, often shouted at dogs.
- Type of theory which suggests that one group of people (e.g. women) use language less competently than another group (e.g. men). Robin Lakoff’s theory is an example of this.
- A type of auxiliary verb which can only be used with another verb, e.g. “can”, “may”, “should”, “will” etc.
- “Yesterday”, “here”, “very”, “scarily”, “stunningly” and “well” are all examples of this!
- Gender theorist who argued that apparent differences between men’s and women’s language can actually be explained by context, not gender.6. Australian linguist who found that between the ages of 14 and 16, working-class girls in Sydney started to use more standard grammar, while boys started to use more non-standard grammar.
7. Gender difference theorist who argued that men use language to communicate facts and gain power, while women use it to build relationships.
8. A common noun which means “a secret supply of something, especially something dodgy, such as drugs, guns or money”.
13. A co-ordinating conjunction, used to form compound sentences. The ‘O’ in FANBOYS.
15. An adjective used to modify liquids which are thin and the noses of people who have a cold.
16. A common noun which means a kind of Spanish snack.
19. A verb which means “to assist”. Also, in its imperative form, the title of a Beatles song.
20. French noun meaning “a female friend” or “girlfriend”. Also, as a proper noun, a girl’s name in English (more usually spelled with a Y at the end.)
22. A common noun meaning “a grey substance left behind after a fire.
24. A co-ordinating conjunction, used to form compound sentences. The ‘Y’ in FANBOYS.